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Click any of the topics below if you need help using the hive site or visualization tools.
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1. hive

hive is an online community for education practitioners to create, share, and discuss customized visualizations of standardized test data in the state of Arkansas. hive was developed by the Arkansas Department of Education in collaboration with Enspire Learning.


2. Visualization Types

Data can be represented through five types of visualizations: scatter plot, bubble chart, bar chart with box plots, scatter bar graph, and scatter plots over time.

a. Scatter Plot

A scatter plot maps students based on two test scores.

b. Bubble Chart

A bubble chart shows summary data based on the mean scores of two tests for a selected population. The size of the bubbles corresponds to the sample size of the selection.

c. Bar Chart with Box Plots

A bar chart with box plots shows summary data based on the mean score for a selected population. Overlaid on each bar chart are box plots with statistical information for the same selected population, but for state-wide data.

d. Scatter Bar Graph

A scatter bar graph is a hybrid of a bar graph and a scatter plot with each bar representing one set of test scores for a selected population. The plots within each scatter bar are filled with a scatter plot based on students' test scores aligned to the y-axis. Plots representing identical scores are laid out horizontally within each scatter bar.

e. Scatter Plot over Time

A scatter plot over time maps students based on two test scores and shows their progress over time through animation.


3. hive Interface

Below is the typical view that a user will see on hive. The typical view contains the visualization (the graph), Selection Panel/Legend, and threaded discussion. There are also specialized components to the hive interface as discussed in the section below.

a. Selection Panel and Legend

The Selection Panel is where you can edit the parameters of your visualization by selecting the district for which you want the data and the tests that you want mapped out on the graph. Depending on the type of visualization, you may see different options for the axes. For example, bar charts will only have one axis for which to select test data. Below the axes selection is the Select and Brush pane in which you can select (filter) and brush (highlight) data points according to the different demographic traits. There are varying limits on how many items you can select and brush depending on the visualization type. You can select and brush on Ethnicity, Gender, Socio-economic Status (SES), and the School or District.

By default, the Selection Panel is minimized. When minimized, the Selection Panel becomes a legend showing what has been selected and brushed on the visualization. Click Edit to open the Selection Panel to edit the settings. On the visualization, click Close to close the Selection Panel and reveal the legend.

b. Graph

The graph is where the data points are displayed. For scatter plots, bubble charts, and scatter plots over time, there are two axes, with each axis corresponding to a test. For bar charts and scatter bar graphs, only the y-axis corresponds to a test with the x-axis representing the selected items.

c. Visualization Title and Description

Each visualization has a title and description. When you Save and Post a visualization, you will be taken to a new page with your visualization in it. Below the visualization, you are required to enter a new title and description. Click Submit Post to save the visualization.

d. Ratings

Users will have the ability to rate each visualization based on its significance and importance. The rating is based on a 5-star scale. The average rating and the number of users that have rated the visualization are displayed.

e. Adding Comments

Users can create a discussion thread for each visualization via the comments. Click the Reply button next to the visualization description or any other comment to which you want to respond. For comments, you will be asked enter a title and a comment. Click Submit Comment to submit the comment. Nested comments will appear in a threaded format.

f. Reporting Comments

If a comment or visualization description is considered inappropriate or offensive, users can click the Report button next to the offending comment. You will be asked to confirm this action by click OK or Cancel. Reported comments are automatically hidden and will be processed by the site administrator.

g. Proficiency Levels

Most test results are divided into four levels of proficiency: below (BEL), basic (BAS), proficient (PRO), and advanced (ADV). Each test has its own set of proficiency levels. These are represented by dashed lines for each axis. Bar charts with strand scores do not display proficiency levels.

h. Tooltip

The Tooltip appears when the mouse is hovering over any data point. The tooltip shows limited details and summary information on the data point. The type of information seen in the tooltip is dependent on the visualization type. For scatter plots, scatter bar graphs, and scatter plots over time, you will see a small set of students and the information that the data point represents. For bubble charts and bar charts, you will see summary statistical information.

i. Data Information Window

The Data Information window appears when any data point on the visualization is clicked. It gives more detailed information on the data point than the Tooltip. For scatter plots, scatter bar graphs, and scatter plots over time, you will only see a maximum of three students in the Tooltip. If the data point represents more than three students, the Data Information window will show all the students that pertain to the data point. It will also paginate the results if necessary, and will have Next and Previous buttons for navigation. The Data Information window can be moved around by dragging the title bar. Click Close to close the Data Information window.

j. Timeline and Play Button

The timeline is a component specific to the scatter plot over time. When the scrubber on the timeline is moved, it changes the year for which the scatter plot is displayed. When released, the scrubber will snap to the next closest year. The timeline start year is dependent on the Start Year selected from the Selection Panel and the End Year is dependent on how many consecutive years of data available for the given test past the Start Year.

The timeline also has a Play button to the right of it. When clicked, the scatter plot will automatically move from year to year, starting from the current placement of the scrubber to the End Year. When the animation is playing, the Play button will turn into a Pause button. Click the Pause button to pause the animation at any time. When clicked, the Pause button will toggle back to the Play button.

k. Zoom

To gain a better view of the data points, zoom in by holding down the mouse button and dragging it to draw a selection box over the desired area. The selection box appears as a light blue transparent rectangle. Release the mouse button to enable the zoom. The selection box must begin and end in an empty area of the graph without any data points. That is, a selection box cannot start or end atop a data point.

l. Restore Zoom

Restore Zoom restores the original zoom of the visualization. The Restore Zoom button appears if the view has been changed. It will only respond if there are data points available.

m. Search

The Search box is located in the upper right-hand corner of every view. Enter keywords into the text box and click Go. By default, this will search all posts and comments. A list of Matching Posts and Matching Comments is returned on the search. On the Search Results page, you can change the keywords in the Search box on the left side of the screen. There is also a drop-down box in which you can filter your search to Search All, Posts Only, or Comments Only. Click Go to run this search.

n. Highlighted Visualization

The Highlighted Visualization appears on the main page of hive. This is the most recent, highest-rated post. Click See More Highlighted Posts to see a listing of more recent highest-rated posts.

o. Visualizations

Visualizations is a listing of current visualization posts on the main page of hive. Click any of the visualization titles or icons to view the visualization. The Visualizations listing is ordered by the last date and time it was edited.


4. Creating a Visualization

Users that have registered and logged in can create their own visualizations and share them within hive. To create a new visualization, users must start with a pre-existing visualization.

a. Starter Visualizations

There is a starter visualization for each type of visualization (scatter plot, bubble chart, bar chart with box plots, scatter bar graph, and scatter plot over time), with which you can edit and save as a new visualization in its own post. On the main page, click the Create! button in the upper right-hand corner to get to the starter visualizations. Each starter visualization has a detailed description and instructions. You may also use any pre-existing visualization elsewhere in hive as your starter.

b. Saving Visualizations

After editing a visualization, click Save and Post in the Selection Panel. You will be asked to enter a title and description. Clicking Submit Post will create a new post with your visualization embedded within it. Clicking Cancel will cancel your changes and revert to the original visualization. When you have clicked Save and Post, you may still edit the visualization in the Selection Panel – note that the Save and Post button in the Selection Panel is now a Save button. Clicking the Save button will save changes to the visualization without creating a new post. Click Submit Post when you have completed your changes.

c. Selecting and Brushing

Selecting will only show the data that matches the trait for which you have selected. Brushing highlights data points with different colors. You can remove all selections and brushes by clicking the Clear button in the lower left-hand corner. There is a 10 item limit for selecting and brushing on scatter plots, bar charts with strand scores, scatter plots over time, and bubble charts; 5 item limit for bar charts with box plots; and 3 item limit for scatter bar graphs.

d. Loading Data

To load new data, go to the Selection Panel and make selections for the District and the Axes. Click Update to display the new data. Depending on the amount of data, it may take up to several minutes for the data to fully download and process. This is most apparent whenever All Districts is selected.

e. Editing a Visualization

When viewing your own visualization, you can edit the title and description. You cannot save any changes you make to the visualization in the Selection Panel without creating a new post through the Save and Post button.


5. Access

This section talks about the different levels of access and parts of the registration process.

a. Users

There are three levels of public user access each with its own privileges.

Registered Users can view and create visualizations. They can also make comments and rate visualizations. All data will be anonymous.

Registered Teacher Users have the same privileges as Registered Users, but they will be able to select and brush their own current students and see the names of their own students. All other student data will be anonymous.

School Administrators have the same privileges as Registered Users, but have the ability to upload test data for their students. The Site Administrator must approve School Administrator level access.

b. Registering

Non-registered users can only view and read visualizations. To register, click the Register button on the hive main page. This will take you to the Register view. Fill out the form and click the Register button. You will receive a confirmation email. Those users seeking teacher or administrator level access must contact the site administrator.

c. Logging In

To log in, enter your email address and your password. Click the Login button and you will be directed back to the main page.

d. Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password, click the Forgot Password? link at the top of the hive main page. This will take you to a form in which you will enter your email address. Your password will be sent to this email address if it is in the system.

e. My Profile

Your profile is created when you register. It contains your username/email address, display name, first name, and last name. The affiliation, role in your organization, and address can be added after registration.

After logging in, click My Profile at the top of the hive main page. Click the Edit Profile to change your user settings. You have three options: Edit Personal Info, Update Email, and Change Password.

You will log in with your email address, but only your display name will be shown when you post a visualization or comment. When your display is on the page, it will be shown as a hyperlink. When this link is clicked, the user will be directed to your public profile which contains your email address, display name, first name, last name, affiliation, role in your organization, and address.

f. My Visualizations

My Visualizations is a listing of visualizations created by you. It is the same listing that other users will see if they click your username when it appears as a link throughout the site.